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Bachelor of Dental Surgery – BDS

Dental Curriculum

Dental curriculum has been designed to provide an integrated, enquiry-based five year program incorporating problem-oriented learning (POL). A key feature of the program is the integration between theory and practice through clinical skills. The program falls in with current advances in dentistry and provides an up-to-date teaching structure. There is integration of basic science knowledge with the clinical knowledge. However each course proceeds from simple to more complex information.

The courses in original study plan (2007) were updated as per the recomendations of course instructors, student feed backs and curriculum development committee. The course contents and learning outcomes for all courses were revised and modified to improve the quality of education. The curriculum was revised in 2011 to change knowledge, skill and attitude with general and specific learning outcomes and the same was submitted to CAA during their visit for licensure of RAKMHSU. The changes were also included in RAKMHSU Annual Report 2011 and Interim Review 2012. The courses were further revised as per guidelines of National Qualifications Framework United Arab Emirates (QFE) and ERT Report.

A summary of “Revised Study Plan 2011” with changes in “Original Study Plan 2007” can be found here.

Semester 1

Course Description:

The course provides the students the basic knowledge of anatomy, embryology, histology and imaging of the oral cavity, nasal and para nasal sinuses, pharynx, larynx, temporomandibular joint, thoracic region and skull. The developmental aspect of the thoracic viscera, thoracic wall and osteology of the skull is also being dealt with.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

This course will focus on the knowledge and application of physiology of organ systems of the body to facilitate the understanding of the physiological basis of oro-dental health and disease.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

The course describes the micro and macro structures of the oral cavity including, teeth, bone and soft tissues along with theories of formation of these tissues. The course also describes the anatomical and morphological characteristics of teeth and their supporting structures, the inter-arch and intra-arch relationships.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

The purpose of this course is to cover the basic skills of the English language that are required at the undergraduate level of studies in medical sciences. It focuses on reading, writing, listening and speaking effectively in English. A comprehensive review of essential syntax and semantics required for medical education is provided.

C. Hrs: (3+0=3)

Course Description:

This course aims at teaching Communication Skills in Arabic language. The course focuses on the skills of reading, writing, speaking, listening and understanding the meaning of words in Arabic by using dictionary

C. Hrs: (3+0=3)


Semester 2

Course Description:

The anatomy course for the dental students, intends to provide an understanding of the gross structures of the neck region, infra-temporal fossa, nervous system, developmental anatomy of the skull and neurological structures, osteology of the bones in the maxillofacial region, intra and extra cranial connections of nervous system.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

This course provides scientific basis of the life processes at the molecular level and the application of the knowledge acquired in solving clinical problems pertaining to excretory, endocrine, reproductive systems, central nervous system and special senses.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

The course continue to describe the basic structure and function of oral tissues including periodontium, oral mucosa, minor and salivary glands, alveolar bone and associated structures along with theories regarding their growth, development and formation. The course emphasizes on the essential knowledge pertaining clinical diagnosis and treatment planning.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

The purpose of the course is to prepare students to communicate and interact with patients, colleagues and clinical staff clearly, sensitively and effectively. They are also given training in presentation skills.

C. Hrs: (3+0=3)

Course Description:

This course includes various methods, principles, and theories of scientific psychology as applied to the study and understanding of human thoughts, emotions and behaviors in dentistry. It also includes physiological foundations of behavior, growth and development, learning and memory, motivation and emotions, personality, stress and adjustment, social interactions, and psychological disorders and treatment approaches as applied to dentistry.

C. Hrs: (3+0=3)

Course Description:

This course is designed to develop an understanding of the basics of Islamic culture, beliefs and practices of Islam. Application of Islamic concepts in medicine as well as demonstrating the ethics, morals and values of Islam to medical students will be highlighted.

C. Hrs: (3+0=3)


Semester 3

Course Description:

The course will focus to the conceptual discipline based on the structure and function of components of living tissues in health and disease. It will also provide the basic knowledge of the biochemistry of the human body as an aid in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of oral diseases.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

The course describes the principles of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics including factors that modify drug action. The course also describes the mechanism of action, therapeutic uses, adverse reactions, contraindications, drug interactions along with salient pharmacokinetic features and dental implications of the drugs used in inflammatory conditions, infective diseases including bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitic infections, cancer, autoimmune disorders, anemias, disorders of hemostasis, hyperlipidemia and gastrointestinal disorders.

C. Hrs: (2+0=2)

Course Description:

General and specific pathology concepts and relate the knowledge to understand pathogenesis of diseases.

C. Hrs: (2+0=2)

Course Description:

Microbiology course provides the student with an understanding of the natural history of oral infections and other systemic infectious diseases with oral manifestations. The course covers oral microbiology, immunology and microbial interactions with human host in health and disease.

C. Hrs: (1+1= 2)

Course Description:

The course introduces the students to the protocols of infection control and the mechanisms by which infectious diseases are transmitted in dental practice.

C. Hrs: (2+0=2)

Course Description:

This course aimed at providing basic information technology skills that are essential to understand the applications of computers in health sciences. It covers information system components, system security, communications, the social effects, computer and health and hands on experience on some software packages.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

The course is designed to assist the students to acquire an understanding of statistical methods and research methodology as a basis for identifying research problem, planning and implementing a research plan. It will further enable the students to critique research studies and recognize the value of utilizing research findings to improve quality of health science practices.

C. Hrs: (3+0=3)

Course Description:

This course helps students to understand the place of ethics in professional life, to recognize when an ethical problem exists in the performance of academic work, clinical treatment, or research, and to have the capability of analyzing and addressing the problem.

C. Hrs: (1+0=1)

Course Description:

The concept of clinical orientation is to prepare the students to record patient data and understand the importance of different dental specialties and their role in patients’ oral wellbeing. This course is offered to year 2 students in fall and spring semester.

C. Hrs: (0+1=1)


Semester 4

Course Description:

The course will describe the relevance of biochemistry to dentistry will be described. Students will appreciate the value of a biochemical background as they progress throughout the five years of dental school and into a dental practice.

C. Hrs: (2+1= 3)

Course Description:

The course describes the mechanism of action, therapeutic uses, adverse reactions, contraindications, drug interactions along with salient pharmacokinetic features and dental implications of the drugs used in cardiovascular, respiratory, endocrine and central nervous system disorders; bacterial infections and, general and local anesthesia.

C. Hrs: (2+0=2)

Course Description:

Continuation of pathology I course. General and specific pathology concepts and relate the knowledge to understand pathogenesis of diseases.

C. Hrs: (1+1=2)

Course Description:

This course provides the students with the etiology, signs and symptoms of common medical problems encountered during dental practice complicating the delivery of quality dental care. To ensure that graduate practitioners understand when referral for complex treatment is indicated.

C. Hrs: (3+1=4)

Course Description:

The purpose of this course is to introduce the student to the basic principle of surgery and relevant head and neck surgical problems.

C. Hrs: (2+0=2)

Course Description:

The course describes the basic concepts of cavity design with minimum cavity extension, materials used in the various conservative procedures, their manipulation, and properties.
Pre-clinical laboratory sessions and demonstrations will help the students to develop skills to utilize the materials in conservative techniques.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

This course exposes the students with a complete spectrum of normal structure of periodontium, etiology, pathology and clinical features associated with gingival and periodontal diseases. Practical training on phantom head will prepare the students for non surgical periodontal therapy.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)


Semester 5

Course Description:

This course introduces the students to different oral health problems at a community level along with general epidemiological methods. The course content will contribute to the concepts and practice of health promotion. It also prepares the students to understand and fulfill their responsibility to improve oral health of the community.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

This course describes the concepts of complex restorations in operative dentistry. An insight is provided into diagnosis and treatment planning which will provide a sound foundation in the clinical stages of learning. Pre-clinical training helps the students to develop their skills for future clinical work.

C. Hrs: DOD 312

Course Description:

This course introduces the principles and lab procedures in basic prosthodontics and removable prostheses. It also describes the knowledge and practical skills for preparation of removable prostheses -partial and complete dentures.

C. Hrs: (2+2=4)

Course Description:

This course presents the complete pharmacology of local anesthetic agents and commonly employed injection techniques. The course also includes different methods of pain control, dental management of the medically compromised patients and medical emergencies in dental practice. Practical training will prepare students for manual implementation of different technique of local anesthesia.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

The course is designed to provide the principles and mechanisms of common oral diseases to develop a sound knowledge of etiology, classification, pathogenesis, morphological changes, functional consequences and prevention of oral diseases.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

The course describes the basic principles of X-ray production, the biological damage effects of ionizing radiation and protection from radiation hazards. Students learn to take all different radiographic techniques, interpret oral radiographs, and perform initial screening, examination and diagnosis.

C. Hrs: (1+1=2)

Course Description:

The course focuses on diagnosis, prognosis, treatment planning and clinical phenomena in terms of underlying tissue changes. It also describes the non surgical management of different forms of periodontal diseases.

C. Hrs: (1+1=2)


Semester 6

Course Description:

This course introduces students to the planning for different oral health issues at a community level, and the basic skills required for it. It also prepares the students to understand and fulfill their responsibilities towards the community.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

The course provides a preclinical experience to prepare the student to treat endodontic patients. Students are required to clean and shape the canals of uncomplicated anterior and posterior teeth and obturate the canals. The pre-clinical training will familiarize the students with different instruments used in endodontics.

C. Hrs: (1+1=2)

Course Description:

This course provides the basic principles of complete dentures and fixed partial dentures. A thorough knowledge will be provided into the terminologies, techniques and skills for the fabrication of both prostheses.

C. Hrs: (2+2=4)

Course Description:

This course focuses on introduction, diagnosis and treatment plans for minor oral surgical procedure, which are essential to the general practitioner. The course also describes the diagnosis and management of maxillary sinus, odontogenic infections cysts of the jaws, bone tumors and oral malignancies. Pre-clinical training provides an opportunity for the students to learn tooth extraction and suturing along with the required armamentarium.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

The course provides an overview of oral pathology including the clinical and radiographic presentation of oral diseases and pathogenesis. Diagnostic procedures and treatment of oral disease are introduced in relationship to the clinical and radiographic presentation and pathogenesis.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

The course deals with advanced techniques in dental radiology. Students learn how to assess clinical cases and make differential diagnosis of radiolucent & radiopaque lesions and prepare accurate report for of radiographic interpretation.

C. Hrs: (1+1=2)

Course Description:

The course describes various forms of periodontal diseases, non surgical periodontal therapy and knowledge necessary for surgical periodontal therapy (pre prosthetic & periodontal regeneration). Perform non surgical periodontal procedures and clinical application of basic surgical procedures.

C. Hrs: (1+1=2)


Semester 7

Course Description:

The clinical operative dentistry course builds on the preceding principles and techniques presented in the pre-clinical courses while expanding the area of diagnosis, treatment planning and management of assigned patients. This course helps to develop skills in clinical scenarios.

C. Hrs: (1+1=2)

Course Description:

This course describes the basic principles of removable partial, complete dentures, over and immediate dentures. A thorough knowledge will be provided into the terminologies, techniques and skills to diagnose and treat the patients.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

This clinical course prepares the students to diagnose, plan and successfully manage teeth with pulpal involvement. Important fundamentals are stressed with emphasis on problem solving skills, critical thinking, radiographic interpretation and self-assessment criteria.

Course Description:

This course focuses on diagnosis and management of common dento-alveolar problems with an emphasis on oral surgical procedures performed by general dental practitioner. The course also describes the principles of management of impacted teeth, endodontic and preprosthetic surgery, primary and secondary survey of maxillofacial trauma

C. Hrs: (1+1=2)

Course Description:

This course provides the students with knowledge about the basic terminologies in orthodontics; introduction to orthodontics; pre-natal and post-natal growth and development of oro-facial complex and occlusion. The course describes classification and etiology of malocclusion, diagnosis with mandatory and optional orthodontic records and the theories of tooth movement.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

This course describes the principles of pediatric oral health management with special emphasis on growth & development. Theory and clinical training will be focused on the management of child behavior, rampant caries including fillings and temporary/metallic crowns and application of pit and fissure sealants.

C. Hrs: (1+1=2)

Course Description:

The course focuses on diagnosis and management of oral diseases, caring and sympathetic attitude towards patients, elicits clinical and medical history, undertake a systematic examination of the ore facial region, head and neck. Communication with patients establishes report and facilitates gathering of subjective data and understanding of the role between medical and psychosocial problems to oral health.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)


Semester 8

Course Description:

This course is a continuation of the clinical operative dentistry course. Emphasis is given to diagnosis, treatment planning and management of complex carious and non carious lesions. A co relation between operative dentistry and allied restorative specialties is to be established.

C. Hrs: (1+1=2)

Course Description:

This course describes the basic principles of crowns, inlays, onlays, veneers and fixed prostheses. An insight is provided into the terminology, techniques and skills to diagnose and treat the patients.

C. Hrs: DPC 423

Course Description:

This course has been coordinated with Endodontics-I to improve student’s skill in endodontic treatment. Emphasis is placed on diagnosing and managing different types of complex endodontic cases. Students are trained to treat multi rooted posterior teeth and re treatment of single rooted teeth. They are also trained to manage different types of endodontic emergencies.

Course Description:

This course consists of lectures and clinics covering different aspects of oral and maxillofacial surgery like salivary gland diseases, TMJ disorders, cleft lip and palate, orthognathic surgery and implantology with an emphasis on those procedures performed by general dental practitioner.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

This course provides the students with knowledge of bio-mechanics principles, Anchorage, various removable, functional appliances, their indications and contra-indications and their use, the non-skeletal and skeletal treatment planning of class I, II and III malocclusions, treatment of adults, cleft lip and palate and maxillary canine management, retention and relapse and newer invisible orthodontic techniques.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

This course describes the various oral pathological lesions, principles of oral health management and prevention of unhealthy oral habits in pediatric patients. Clinical training will provide the basic operative, non surgical and surgical skills required for the management of different pathologies in pediatric patients.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)


Semester 9 & 10

Course Description:

This training in Comprehensive Clinical Dentistry I & II is designed to further improve the clinical skills in diagnosis, comprehensive treatment planning and management of patients with various dental problems as comprehensive clinical care under the supervision of clinical faculty & staff.

C. Hrs: (0+8=8) DCC 518
(0+8=8) DCC 528

Course Description:

This course Research Project I & II provides the students an opportunity to select a suitable topic for research in dental science under the guidance of the course coordinator and a member of the dental faculty. Students also learn how to be independent and creative in their thoughts and ideas.

C. Hrs: (1+2=3)

Course Description:

This course is designed to teach students how to find, evaluate and apply research evidence to make decisions regarding the care of their patients. It also provides the students with the necessary background of specific statistics relevant to the medical and dental field.

Course Description:

This course focuses on the basic principles, concepts, patient management, financing, purchasing equipment, occupational hazards and regulations of dental practice management.

C. Hrs: (1+0=1)

Course Description:

This course provides an opportunity for the students to observe hospitalized patients with severe medical and surgical problems. This course also provides a framework for assessing the aging process to know the main dental and oral health and their management.

C. Hrs: (2+1=3)

Course Description:

This course focus on patient examination, interpretation of diagnostic findings, patient education, oral health risk assessment, development of personalized prevention strategies, development of comprehensive, sequenced treatment plans and patient management using case studies and patients presented by students. POL will help the students to acquire and integrate their basic science, behavioral and clinical knowledge in solving patient’s problem in multidisciplinary field of dentistry.

C. Hrs: (3+0=3)