The clinical component of the five year MBBS program is imparting to each medical student graduate with the fundamental patient centered knowledge and skills important in health and disease as the basis of safe and effective patient care. Gap between the basic sciences and clinical medicine is bridged by providing the students with the knowledge and skills needed to evaluate patients while at the same time, emphasizing the importance and integration of basic sciences, behavioral medicine, ethics, and professionalism. The clinical phase of three years integrated curriculum prepares the medical student for effective delivery of health care to individual and society in practice of medicine.
The focus of this clinical phase through systems is on abnormal structure and function. Students rotate through a series of clinical clerkships which provide opportunities for the study of patients presenting with abnormal structure and function of the body systems. Clinical teaching complements actual clinical experience in patients. The epidemiology, etiology, and natural history of disease processes are investigated in greater depth than in preclinical phase. The principles of therapeutics are included in a consideration of the medical management of specific disease processes. The ethical implications of medical intervention are considered and the psychological and social consequences both of disease and medical intervention are reviewed. The six general clinical competencies for medical school students include:
- Integration of the Basic sciences in medicine
- Integration of Clinical knowledge and Skills towards Patient Care
- Interpersonal and Communication Skills
- Organization and Systems-Based approach to Medicine
- Life long learning and self improvement
As a student progresses though the clinical curriculum of the medical school, his/her competencies and attainment of these learning outcomes are periodically reviewed as they provide valuable guide to the organization of the knowledge, skills and attitudes learnt during this phase of their professional growth.
After successful completion of the five year MBBS program, the students are required to undergo a compulsory one year rotational internship in the assigned hospital. Internship is a phase of training wherein a graduate is expected to conduct actual practice of medical and health care and acquire clinical skills under supervision, so as to enable him/her to function independently.
The electives provide the students with an opportunity to explore subjects of particular interest to them in greater depth than the core course allows or to improve upon the areas of weakness by repeating a regular clerkship. This allows them additional time for personal growth as they fine tune their general medical skills and begin to explore the specialized areas that interest them. Students are encouraged to select an elective course of their own choice for a period of not less than four weeks during semester eight.
The electives taken can be Home electives or Away from home electives. The Home electives are electives within the School of medicine, whereas Away from home electives can be an elective at another medical school or a clinical facility.
The Away from home electives are available from many schools as mentioned above and a variety of clinical facilities. The Office of the Dean and faculty members in the department will guide the students regarding electives.
As with all other clerkships, failure to attend an approved elective will result in an unsatisfactory grade.
International Electives: A one-month elective in a foreign country of the students’ choice may be under taken for credit by a student, only if educational value of the electives can be verified. Requests for special consideration for international elective should be discussed with the request in writing to the Dean, RAK College of Medical Sciences.
Distribution of Courses in Year III (Semester V & VI) 36 weeks
- Course Title
- Internal Medicine including Radiology & Dermatology
- General Surgery and Allied Courses
- Oto-rhino-laryngology (ENT)
- Community Medicine
- Clinical Decision Making
Distribution of Courses in Year IV (Semester VII & VIII) 36 weeks
- Course Title
- Internal Medicine and Allied Courses
- General Surgery including Neurosurgery & Urology
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Pediatrics & Neonatology
- Clinical Decision Making
Distribution of Courses in Year V (Semester IX & X) 36 weeks
- Course Title
- Internal Medicine including Emergency Medicine
- General Surgery including Anesthesia & critical care
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Pediatrics and Neonatology
- Clinical Decision Making
The broad goal of Community Medicine courses course is to provide a community based medical education that emphasizes the health care needs of the citizens of a country, particularly on culturally sensitive healthcare in diverse communities including primary care, care for elderly people, underserved rural and urban communities. In Year 3, students would understand, that community medicine is essentially concerned with the health of the people, the health problems of the people and is engaged in finding solutions to the health problems. The main emphasis is on health promotion and disease prevention.
The focus would be on epidemiological approach, epidemiological methods, to understand disease causation and the strategies for prevention and control Students will also be able to appreciate the roles of the individual, family, community and the socio-cultural environment in health and disease
Introduction, surgical anatomy, signs and symptoms, clinical features and management of the diseases of ear.
Introduction, surgical anatomy, signs and symptoms, clinical features and management of the diseases of nose. Common disorders and emergencies, and principles of rehabilitation of the different diseases of Oropharynx and laryngopharynx and head and neck.
DermatologyIntroduction to clinical presentations of medical disorders. Basic facts about common disorders in various systems of cardiology, infections, neurology, gastroenterology & endocrine systems. Diagnosis of common clinical disorders and their effective management including drug therapeutics.
Basics of radiological principles, modes of imaging and their clinical applications, interpretation of various common imaging tools such as x-rays, ultrasound, Ct and MRI scans related to common clinical disorders.
Basics in dermatological pathology, pharmacology, common skin disorders such as infections, various dermatitis, auto immune skin diseases, and common skin malignancies such as squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma. Nutritional disorders of skin and evaluation management of all common skin diseases.
Introduction, road traffic and other injuries, fluid and electrolyte balance, hemorrhage, shock and wound infections and wound healing.
Benign and malignant tumors, carcinomas, arterial, venous and lymphatic disorders, nonmalignant lesions and diseases of the salivary glands.
Introduction, fractures, injuries to bones and joints. Congenital anomalies, metabolic bone diseases and deformities of the bones.
Components of Evidence based medicine.
Critically appraised topics (CAT), case studies for Evidence based practice in otorhinolaryngology, ophthalmology, orthopedics, dermatology and radiology.
Etiology, signs, symptoms, clinical features and management of cardio-vascular diseases, Renal hematological and respiratory disorders.
Surgical anatomy and diseases of the breast, neck, esophagus, stomach and duodenum; diseases of the liver, spleen and gall bladder.
Diseases of the peritoneum, intestines and appendix, endocrine disorders and immunology, congenital anomalies of head and neck.
Reproductive organs, physiology of reproduction, physiology of pregnancy, high risk pregnancy, physiology of labor, Malpresentations, obstructed labor, pathology of pregnancy and eclampsia.
Rh negative mother postdated pregnancy, preterm labor, multiple pregnancy, vesicular mole, invasive mole and choriocarcinoma.
Introduction, growth and development, nutritional needs of a child, vitamin requirements, nutritional disorders and infective disorders.
Approach to cardiovascular diseases and management of shock, gastrointestinal diseases and hematology.
Diagnosis of common psychiatric disorders.
Case studies for Evidence based practice in medical and surgical disciplines including psychiatry, urology and neurosurgery.
This course will provide an insight into the different national health problems, such as communicable and non-communicable diseases with a special emphasis on lifestyle related diseases, nutritional problems, maternal and child health, family welfare planning, occupational health, environment and health, health care to the community and International health organizations.
The students would go through a 6 weeks clinical clerkship at the Primary Health Care centers. The clinical clerkship will prepare the students to function as a community and first level primary care physicians in accordance with the college and nation’s goals. They would also get an insight into the organization and delivery of health care services in the community and the national health programs
Poisoning, occupational health hazards, , geriatric problems and their management.
Etiology, signs, symptoms, clinical features and management of various autoimmune, nutritional, neurological, endocrine and metabolic disorders and emergencies.
General Surgery including Anesthesia and critical care.
Head injuries, intracranial hematomas, brain abscess, congenital abnormalities, benign and malignant tumors and carcinoma.
Management of chest injury, surgery of lungs, chest wall, plasma, congenital and acquiral heart diseases, principles of operative surgery and surgical topics in pediatric surgery.
The basic principles of different techniques of anesthesia and pre anesthetic check up. Technique of anesthesia in minor and major surgeries, like general anesthesia, spinal and local anesthesia.
Management of critically ill patients in intensive care set up.MGS 538Obstetrics & Gynecology Abortions, Ectopic pregnancies, obstetric operations, ultrasound in obstetrics, congenital malformations, drugs in pregnancy and social obstetrics.
Newborn; examination & milestones; physiology of menstruation, gynaecological disorders, different types of tumors and malignant lesions, caner cervix, endometrium and diseases of the urinary system. Hysterectomy and other surgical procedures in the genital tract, menopaus and family planning.
Neurological diseases, endocrine disorders and congenital anomalies. Behavioral disorders and basics of genetics.
Case studies for Evidence based practice in internal medicine, general surgery, pediatrics and Obstetrics & gynaecology