Pre-clerkship courses:(I & II Year-Semester I to IV)
Integrated modular curriculum of applied basic sciences has been proven to be more effective than other conventional methods such as Discipline based curriculum. Each module is based upon organ-system/s of the body and/or processes. In each module, the basic and clinical sciences will be taught in an integrated manner.
Students will learn and acquire an integrated knowledge of organ evolution, structure and functions and the regulatory mechanism of the human body in the management of health and disease.
The curriculum design has been structured in the following manner:
The first year consist of four modules
- Foundation Module
- Hematology, Immunology & Genetics Module
- Musculoskeletal & Integumentary Module
- Cardiovascular System Module.
The second year courses consist of four modules
- Respiratory System Module
- Gastrointestinal System & Nutrition Module
- Genitourinary System and Endocrine Module
- Neurology & Behavioral Science Module
Each ‘Module’ has been explicitly designed to contain the following:
- Title/theme of the module
- Learning Outcomes [General]
- Teaching Schedule [Weekly, along with Specific Learning Outcomes]
- Credit Hours
- List of Recommended resource materials
This module provides first-year medical students with basic knowledge of the principles underlying the practice of medicine. These principles are to support the study of the human body in health and disease and prepare the students for system based learning in subsequent modules. These basic principles are Anatomical, Biochemical, Pharmacological, and basic concepts of Pathophysiology & Microbiology. Clinical skills, are also introduced in this module.
TThe Genetics, cancer and blood module covers different components of medical genetics, principles of cancer biology, and Blood (hematology and immunology in health and disease).
The module will start with broad learning outcomes in genetics for medical students that will pave the way and make strong foundations for learning outcomes in genetics in clinical practice. This will be followed by principle of cancer in terms of cancer biology and the complicated process of carcinogenesis with shedding lights on the molecular basis of cancer.
It also emphasizes on different components of immune system, the fundamentals of immunologic tissue injury and the mechanisms underlying the disorders of the immune system and their correlation with the pathogenesis and clinical features & treatment.
The hematology component in the module mainly deals with origin and differentiation of haemopoietic cells, their morphology and the biochemical as well as pathological mechanisms associated with different types of disorders related to them and their management. In brief it also covers important aspects of blood groups and cross matching and its clinical significance.
This module consists of the study of musculoskeletal & Integumentary systems during health and disease conditions. The teaching will be for 8 weeks duration. The methodology adopted for this module apart from didactic lectures will be case based learning, and team based learning. The laboratory exercises include demonstration of prosected/dissected cadaveric specimens from upper limb regions, lower limb regions and neck triangles. The contents of the module include; normal anatomy, physiology and biochemistry & pathological conditions of muscles, bones, joints, and skin and breast tissue. The microbiological conditions associated with the systems are also taught. The module will be covering the study of drugs involved in various abnormal conditions of the musculoskeletal & Integumentary systems. The necessary Imaging studies and forensic medicine topics are also included.
This module builds upon an understanding of the structure and function of the cardiovascular system, and enables students to integrate basic science and clinical concepts related to this system, with emphasis on the pathophysiology, pathology, diagnosis and treatment of the most common cardiovascular diseases. Appropriate examples of medical imaging and diagnostic techniques are also introduced.
The respiratory module provides the second year medical students about the various anatomical parts of the respiratory, their functions, common respiratory diseases / infections, their diagnosis, etio-pathogenesis, clinical features, complications of common respiratory disorders and the therapeutic management including their mechanism of action, adverse effects and drug interactions. The module is divided into 5 weeks starting with the basics of the respiratory tract in the first week and progressing to the pathological and clinical aspects with relevance to respiratory system.
This module builds upon an understanding of the structure and function of the gastrointestinal tract, and enables students to integrate basic science and clinical concepts related to this system, with emphasis on the pathophysiology, pathology, diagnosis and treatment of the most common gastrointestinal diseases. Appropriate examples of medical imaging and diagnostic techniques are also introduced. In addition, this module covers the basic aspects of nutrition, pathophysiology of nutritional inadequacies or excesses, their clinical manifestations, prevention and treatment.
The genitourinary and endocrine module provides a comprehensive knowledge of the structure, functions and biochemical aspects of the excretory, endocrine, male and female reproductive systems to the second yearmedical students. It will also discuss the most common categories of disease processes (congenital, inflammatory, neoplastic, vascular, metabolic and immune-mediated) involving the genitourinary system and their management. The endocrine part of this module will discuss about the major hormones involved in the normal and pathological states, including diabetes, thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal disorders and their management.
This module builds upon an understanding of the structure and function of the Central nervous system, and enables students to integrate basic science and clinical concepts related to this system. Each of the basic science topics is incorporated into an integrated body of knowledge covering neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, neurological correlation, neuropharmacology, neuropathology, microbiology, human behavior, biochemistry and the medicolegal aspects with emphasis on the pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of the most common CNS disorders. Appropriate examples of medical imaging and diagnostic techniques are also introduced. In addition, this module covers the pathophysiology of the special senses of vision, audition, olfaction and gustation.
Learning of clinical skills during preclinical year empowers the students to acquire the skills that facilitates them to communicate and interact well with patients and perform physical examination on them. They get the early exposure with these core and important professional skills in a simulated environment that make them confident and comfortable while dealing with real patients during clinical years.
Clinical Decision Making is a course which starts as a vertical weave, in the 4th semester of the year 2 of the MBBS program and continues up to semester 10 of year 5 MBBS course. During the year 2 of the MBBS program, it is offered as an introductory 1 credit course. It is a part of the General Education studies. The course is basically didactic and is delivered through lectures.
The course educational content is delivered through 16 lecture sessions spread over an equal number of weeks, focusing on Introduction to Clinical decision making (CDM) and Evidence based Medicine (EBM). The fundamental concepts of measurement and description of scientific data. Architecture and analysis various types of research studies. How to critically appraise a scientific evidence and apply in clinical practice. Understanding the basics of medical ethics and its principles